Survey of Colorado's Local Firearms Ordinances
Compiled for Million Mom March
primarily from data from the Colorado Municipal League
Note: The following ordinances were adopted by individual municipalities across the state of Colorado in response to particular problems in their communities or concerns of their populace.
In 2003, the state legislature and the governor deemed that the power to address gun violence in Colorado through laws SHALL NOT be in the domain of the affected communities, rather it should rest only in the hands of the state. By this legislation (SB03-25), all of the ordinances on this list have been declared unenforceable.
The city of Denver has sued the state of Colorado over this preemption. Judgement is pending.
If you find this preemption of local powers bizarre, please contact Governor Owens and the legislators listed at the bottom of this document.
1. Concealed Weapons Ordinances
A. Concealed Carry Bans
Aurora, Boulder, Broomfield, Colorado Springs, Denver, Englewood,
Lakewood, Littleton, Longmont, Northglenn, Pueblo, Thornton, Westminster,
2. Regulations Concerning Possession of Firearms
A. Classes of Firearms
1. Assault Weapons Bans
2. Saturday Night Special Bans
B. Regulations Concerning Manner of Possession of Firearms
1. Bans on Firearm Possession
2. Registration Requirements
3. Prohibitions on Flourishing or Displaying Firearms
Aurora, Boulder, Colorado Spings, Cortez, Craig, Denver,
Fountain, Greenwood Village, Lakewood, Littleton, Longmont,
Northglenn, Thornton, Wheat Ridge
4. Prohibitions on Brandishing Firearms
Boulder, Colorado Springs, Denver, Englewood, Fort Collins,
Lakewood, Littleton, Longmont, Northglenn, Wheat Ridge
5. Prohibitions on Firearms on Public Property
6. Outdoor Location Restrictions (e.g. no firearms in parks)
Arvada, Boulder, Canon City, Colorado Springs, Commerce City,
Denver, Durango, Greenwood Village, Lafayette, Lakewood,
Littleton, Longmont, Parker, Sterling, Wheat Ridge, Woodland
7. Prohibitions on Carrying a Loaded Firearm in a Vehicle
8. Prohibition on Carrying a Firearm in an Establishment that Serves Alcohol
Colorado Springs, Wheat Ridge
9. Open-Carry Bans
Boulder, Brighton, Broomfield, Cortez, Denver, Evans, Lafayette,
Steamboat Springs, Thornton
10. Child-Access Laws
C. Regulations Concerning Who May Possess Firearms
1. Prohibitions on Possession of Firearms by Juveniles
Aurora, Denver, Greenwood Village, La Junta, Pueblo, Thornton,
2. Prohibitions on Furnishing Firearms to Juveniles
Aurora, Boulder, Broomfield, Colorado Spings, Craig, Denver,
Englewood, Evans, Federal Heights, Fort Lupton, Fort Morgan, Greenwood Village, La Junta, Littleton, Northglenn, Parker, Pueblo, Thornton, Woodland Park
3. Prohibitions on Possession of Firearms by Intoxicated Persons
Aurora, Boulder, Colorado Springs, Englewood, Littleton,
4. Prohibitions on Furnishing Firearms to Intoxicated Persons
Aurora, Boulder, Colorado Springs, Englewood, Littleton,
5. Prohibitions on Furnishing Firearms to Unstable Persons
Boulder, Broomfield, Colorado Springs, Craig, Denver,
Englewood, Evans, Fort Morgan, Fort Lupton, Greenwood
Village, Littleton, Northglenn, Parker, Rifle, Sheridan, Woodland Park
Firearms Regulations in the 20 Largest Colorado Municipalities
1. Unlawful to discharge firearms, except in shooting galleries or ranges.
2. Firearms can be retained by police department.
3. Forearms prohibited at city reservoir
4. No carrying of a concealed weapon by security guards "in violation of any law of the state."
1. "Dangerous weapon" includes firearm
2. Revocation of license for furnishing a firearm to a minor or someone under the influence.
3. Window displays cannot include firearms with barrels less than 12 inches long.
4. Unlawful to carry concealed "dangerous weapon"
5. Unlawful to discharge firearms, unless by law enforcement on duty or on shooting range.
6. Unlawful to possess firearm while under the influence of intoxicant
7. Unlawful to have loaded firearm in motor vehicle.
8. Unlawful for a juvenile to possess a firearm.
1. Discharge of firearms prohibited
2. Possession of firearm in park or open space prohibited.
3. Unlawful to aim a firearm (loaded or unloaded) at another person
4. No "flourishing a deadly weapon in an alarming manner"
5. Carrying concealed firearm prohibited, except by permit.
6. No possession of firearm while intoxicated.
7. Unlawful to furnish firearm to someone who is impaired by a controlled substance, "in a condition of agitation or excitability" or a minor not related to the person.
8. No false information regarding identity on permit application.
9. No "spring guns"
10. Peace officers exempt.
11. City manager may designate target ranges.
12. No window displays of firearms. Vendors required to keep records of all retail sales of firearms, including vital information about the purchases.
13. Written application for permit must include vital information.
14. Chief of Police to investigate each applicant for firearms permit.
-- need to carry concealed weapon must outweigh city policy
-- must be 21 years of age.
15. Permittee must register new firearm within 10 days of receipt.
16. Permittee must notify chief of police upon moving or changing employment.
17. Permit not transferable.
18. Must carry permit whenever carrying concealed weapon.
19. Chief of Police has discretion to revoke permit.
20. Chief of Police not liable for damages resulting from granting a permit.
21. Deadly weapons prohibited in council chambers while in session.
1. Unlawful to possess a firearm except on property under own control.
2. Unlawful to discharge a firearm.
3. Unlawful to carry concealed firearm except on property under own control.
4. Weapon may be seized for violation of this code.
5. Right to weapon may be forfeited for violation of this code.
6. Police officers exempt while on duty.
1. Firearm (loaded or unloaded) considered "deadly weapon"
2. Unlawful to carry concealed firearm on person or in motor vehicle.
3. Unlawful to possess a firearm within an establishment selling alcohol.
4. Unlawful to display firearm on their person. Unlawful to draw firearm in the presence of another person.
5. Unlawful to discharge firearm except at shooting galleries or within official military parades or ceremonies (using blanks), or for "educational or entertainment benefit of the public" (using blanks).
6. Unlawful to furnish firearm to a minor, intoxicated person, or person "in a condition of agitation or excitement."
7. Peace officers exempt.
8. Unlawful to possess a firearm within a city park (police, ceremonies and parades exempt).
9. Unlawful to discharge a firearm within a city park (police, ceremonies and parades exempt).
1. Must have license to operate business where firearms discharged.
2. License to operate private emergency vehicle does not authorize carrying firearms.
3. Parent or guardian must remove firearm from minor's possession or control.
4. Parent or guardian must notify police if firearm cannot be removed safely from minor.
5. Chief of police authorized to issue concealed weapons permits.
6. Rules and regulations must include background check, determination of need and determination of proficiency.
7. Applicants must sign agreement indemnifying city from loss or damage.
8. Permits good for one year with fees to be determined by chief of police.
9. Unlawful to carry concealed weapons (on-duty police officers exempt)
10. Unlawful to carry, use or wear firearm.
11. Unlawful to "flourish" or "display in a threatening manner" any firearm (on-duty police officers exempt).
12. Violation of this section may require forfeiture of firearm.
13. Chief of Police authorized to issue permits to carry a weapon.
14. Firearm permit application information kept confidential.
15. Unlawful to discharge firearm except within private property or shooting gallery (so as not to endanger).
16. Unlawful for dealer to display firearms (pistol, revolver, machine gun, or other firearm with barrel less than 12 inches in length) in show or street windows.
17. Dealer shall not knowingly sell firearms made of dangerous components (specified).
18. Dealer must ask for identification and vital information upon sale of firearm and must keep records.
19. Unlawful to store firearms where (or in such a way that) minor could potentially have access.
20. Licensee shall have the right to carry firearms only when specifically authorized by the chief of police.
21. Escort vehicle license does not authorize the operator to carry a firearm.
1. Unlawful to carry concealed firearm, unless (AD): on own property, has obtained a permit, is carrying in motor vehicle for protection, or is a peace officer.
2. Illegal to aim firearm at another person.
3. Illegal to discharge firearm "recklessly" or with criminal negligence.
4. Illegal to possess a firearm while intoxicated.
5. Illegal to fire air gun except in shooting galleries or on private grounds.
6. Violation of this chapter will require forfeiture of firearm
7. Unlawful for dealer to display any firearm with a barrel less than 12 inches in length in windows facing the street.
8. Dealers shall keep records of firearms sales, including identifying and vital information.
9. Unlawful to sell or furnish firearm to intoxicated persons, minors, or anyone "in a condition of agitation or excitability"
10. $100 per year licensing fee for shooting galleries.
11. Corrective action for city employees possessing unauthorized firearms while on duty.
12. Director of Safety Services authorized to issue concealed weapons permit to police division personnel or others upon discretion.
1. Chief of Police authorized to issue concealed weapons permits.
2. Rules and regulations must include background check, determination of need and determination or proficiency.
3. Applicants must sign agreement indemnifying city from loss, damage, or judgment.
4. Concealed weapons permits valid for one year ($100, $60 renewal) and subject to revocation.
5. No discharge of firearms unless (AD): at a firing range as a part of a class or by on-duty law enforcement.
6. Unlawful to "intentionally, knowingly or recklessly" publicly display a firearm "in a manner calculated to alarm" (unless peace officer)
1. Unlawful to fire any firearm, including BB or pellet gun within the city limits, unless (AD):
-- on-duty law enforcement
-- as a part of an authorized class at a shooting range
-- permission is granted by the chief of police
2. Firearm will be confiscated upon any violation of this section.
1. Firearm not included in "illegal weapon" definition and no other regulations.
1. Unlawful to carry any firearm at any public meeting of an agency or government body.
2. Law enforcement officers authorized to carry or use a "deadly weapon" as necessary
3. Unlawful for parent or guardian to allow a minor to discharge any firearm.
4. Generally unlawful for anyone to discharge a firearm, unless on-duty police officers, or (AD):
-- "individuals in the justifiable protection of persons or property"
5. Generally unlawful to carry, use or wear a firearm, unless (AD):
-- in a private vehicle for purposes of protection
-- in own residence or place of business
-- issued a permit
-- "in aid of civil power when legally summoned thereto"
-- used for hunting
-- transporting for sale or display and unloaded
-- member of the armed forces and on duty
-- moving personal property, including the firearm, between residences
6. Chief of police has authorization to issue concealed weapons permits under certain circumstances (police officer, need, fitness, lack of criminal history).
-- one year unless police officer or otherwise indicated
7. Chief of police has authority to revoke concealed weapons permit.
8. Chief of police may exempt individuals participating in city sanctioned events involving the use of firearms.
9. Dealers shall keep records of all firearms received, including vital information about the person from whom dealer received the firearm.
-- does not include new firearms received from a licensed manufacturer
1. Unlawful to knowingly carry concealed weapon, unless (affirmative defenses):
-- in own residence or place of business
-- in private automobile and carrying it for protection
-- issued a valid written permit
-- is an authorized peace officer
2. Unlawful to discharge a firearm, unless peace officer or member of armed forces, or (AD)
-- at a shooting range or gallery
-- in lawful defense of person or property "when the use of deadly physical force is allowed"
3. Unlawful to "display, brandish or flourish" in a "manner calculated to cause alarm" or point a firearm at another person, unless
-- on-duty peace officers or members of armed forces.
1. Unlawful to wear concealed weapon or display weapon in a threatening manner, unless on-duty law enforcement officer.
2. Unlawful to discharge any firearm, unless (AD):
-- the person is an on-duty law enforcement officer
-- in a shooting gallery or private residence
3. Unlawful to display any firearm with a barrel less than 12 inches long in a show window or window facing the street.
4. Unlawful to sell or furnish any firearm to a minor, intoxicated person, or "person in a condition of agitation and excitability"
5. Firearms dealers required to keep records of every sale, including descriptions of the buyer and the weapon, as well as the person making the sale.
6. Violation of this chapter requires forfeiture of the weapon(s) in question.
7. Shooting galleries shall be sufficiently enclosed as to prevent projectiles from escaping, and no firearm shall be used of a size to endanger others, frighten animals or cause annoyance to neighbors.
1. Unlawful to carry concealed firearm on person or within reach in a vehicle, unless (AD):
-- in the person's own residence or place of business or under their control
-- in a private automobile and used for protection while traveling
-- has a valid concealed weapons permit
-- peace officer
2. Unlawful to discharge firearm except at a designated fire range or with permission of the property owner (and the projectile did not leave the building).
-- affirmative defense that defending persons or property
3. Unlawful to point a firearm in the direction of another person or display or flourish in a way intended to cause alarm
4. Unlawful to knowingly set a spring gun.
5. Police officers and members of armed forces exempt.
6. Unlawful to possess a firearm while intoxicated
-- peace officer or concealed weapons permit are not defenses
1. Chief of police has authority to issue concealed weapons permits, valid for one year and renewable.
2. Nonrefundable fee for such permit is $75, $50 for renewal
3. Chief of police shall promulgate rules for issuance of concealed weapons permits.
4. On-duty law enforcement officer exempt
5. Unlawful to discharge a firearm, unless a law enforcement officer, or (AD):
-- person was "reasonably exercising the use of physical force in defense of person, property, or premises"
1. Gas guns prohibited.
2. Air guns and firearms considered "dangerous or deadly weapons".
3. Unlawful to flourish or display firearms in a manner intended to alarm another person.
4. Unlawful to sell or furnish firearm to minor, intoxicated person, or "any person in a condition of agitation and excitability."
5. Unlawful to discharge firearm, unless:
-- on-duty police officers or members of armed forces
-- discharging to defend self from deadly force
-- in shooting gallery or shooting range
-- otherwise provided by state statute
-- during authorized class at school or university
-- on private property, with permission, discharged so that no one is endangered
-- representatives of formal organizations at formal ceremonies or events
6. Unlawful to carry concealed firearm, loaded or unloaded, regardless of intent, except:
-- law enforcement officers
-- issued a written permit by the Chief of Police (affirmative defense)
1. Firearm defined as "dangerous or deadly weapon"
2. Unlawful to carry a concealed firearm, unless (AD):
-- on own property or property under own control
-- in an automobile and kept for protection while traveling
--issued a written permit by the Chief of Police, mayor, or sheriff
-- law enforcement or other authorized government officer
3. Chief of Police has authority to issue concealed weapons permits, good for one year, and may cancel or revoke at any time for any reason.
4. Required posting of warning in all places where air guns are sold or rented.
5. Air gun dealers required to keep records of every transaction with vital information regarding purchasers.
6. Unlawful to provide an air gun to a minor, unless parent, guardian or instruction.
7. Unlawful for minor to carry an air gun in public unless unloaded and accompanied by a parent, guardian, or instructor.
8. Unlawful to discharge air gun except in shooting galleries or private property.
1. Possession of a firearm by city employee while on duty or on city property is grounds for disciplinary action, unless employee is a police officer or otherwise authorized.
2. Unlawful to conceal firearm, whether loaded or unloaded.
3. Chief of Police is authorized to issue concealed weapons permits, valid for one year, and upon payment of application fee.
4. Unlawful for any juvenile or adult to possess any firearm or have one within immediate reach.
5. Unlawful for a parent to knowingly allow a juvenile to possess a firearm, unless under their immediate and continuous supervision.
6. Unlawful to "display or flourish" a firearm with the intent to alarm another person.
7. Unlawful to supply a firearm to a juvenile or intoxicated person.
8. Unlawful to possess a firearm while intoxicated, regardless of possession of a permit.
9. Affirmative defenses to possession of a firearm:
-- in a private automobile and transporting firearm for use at lawful recreational or educational activity
-- employee in control of a business acts within the scope of job duties
-- contracted security personnel
-- in a private automobile and under direct and immediate threat of harm
10. Exceptions to unlawful acts with a firearm:
-- on own property or property under own control
-- uniformed courier with authorization to carry a firearm in the course of duty
-- mobile guard when in uniform and acting in security capacity
-- possession of a written permit issued by the Chief of Police
11. Unlawful to knowingly or recklessly discharge a firearm, unless:
-- firing to defend self or others from "imminent use of deadly force" (AD)
-- firing within a lawful shooting gallery or shooting range
-- representatives of formal organizations firing blanks at official ceremonies or events.
1. Unlawful to discharge firearms, except on-duty police officers
2. City Manager may issue permit for shooting galleries and firing ranges
3. Unlawful to carry a concealed firearm, excepting police officers, or (AD):
-- on property owned or controlled by the person
-- in private automobile carrying firearm for protection while traveling
-- possession of a valid permit issued by the Chief of Police
4. Unlawful for a juvenile to possess a firearm, unless in the company of a parent or legal guardian, or (AD):
-- in a private automobile traveling to or from a firing range, organized shooting competition, or a firearms safety course
-- holding a valid hunting license and hunting only under the supervision of a parent or guardian
1. Pawnbrokers required to clear all firearms through the police department prior to sale, other than those recently manufactured and never used.
2. Unlawful to carry a concealed weapon, unless
-- in own residence or place of business
-- in private automobile and carrying it for protection "or for any other legal purpose"
-- peace officers or members of armed forces
-- possession a valid concealed weapons permit
3. Unlawful to discharge a firearm, unless police officer, member of the armed forces, fired in lawful defense, or in a shooting gallery or shooting range.
4. Unlawful to display, "brandish or flourish" a firearm in public with the intent to cause alarm.
5. Unlawful to aim or point a firearm at another person.
6. Unlawful to carry, conceal or display a firearm within a place where alcohol is sold for consumption on the premises, unless licensed or a police officer.
7. Unlawful to bring a firearm onto any park or recreation area.
(Source: 2/6/98: Colorado Municipal League document)
Legislators who Voted to Preempt Local Gun Laws (SB03-25)
Signed into Law by Governor Bill Owens
Bob Hagedorn, Aurora - offered amendment that enabled senate passage
Jim Isgar, Hesperus
Norma Anderson, Lakewood
John Andrews, Centennial
Bruce Cairns, Aurora
Ken Chlouber, Leadville
Jim Dyer, Littleton
John Evans, Parker
Mark Hillman, Littleton
Steve Johnson, Ft. Collins
Ed Jones, Colorado Springs
Ken Kester, Las Animas
Doug Lamborn, Co. Springs
Ron May, Colorado Springs
Andy McElhanny, Co. Springs
Dave Owen, Greeley
Jack Taylor, Steambt. Springs
Ron Teck, Grand Junction
Lois Tochtrop, Thornton
Buffie McFadyen, Pueblo
Carl Miller, Leadville
John Salazar, Alamosa
Gayle Berry, Grand Junction
Bob Briggs, Jefferson County
Greg Brophy, SE Colorado
Bill Cadman, Co. Springs
Lauri Clapp, Littleton
Mark Cloer, Co. Springs
Bill Crane, Arvada
Richard Decker, Fountain
Rob Fairbank, Littleton
Tim Fritz, Loveland *
Dale Hall, Weld County
Ted Harvey, Douglas County
Lynn Hefley, Co. Springs
Dianne Hoppe, Sterling
Keith King, Co. Springs
Mark Larson, Cortez
Don Lee, Littleton
Kevin Lundberg, Larimer County
Mike May, Parker
Shawn Mitchell, Broomfield
Pam Rhodes, Thornton
Gregg Rippy, Glenwood Springs
Ray Rose, Montrose
David Schultheis, Co. Springs
William Sinclair, Co. Springs
Matt Smith, Grand Junction
Nancy Spence, Centennial
Lola Spradley, Beulah
Debbie Stafford, Aurora
Joe Stengel, Littleton
Al White, Steamboat Springs
Tom Wiens, Douglas/Teller
Tambor Williams, Greeley
John Witwer, Evergreen
Brad Young, Lamar
* Tim Fritz is no longer in the legislature